What Are Cataracts?

A cataract is a clouding of the eye’s lens which causes blurred or distorted vision. Cataracts are a common byproduct of the aging process (though they can also be caused by other medical problems, injury to the eye or previous eye surgery). As the eye ages, a buildup of protein forms on the lens. This buildup prevents light from passing through the lens and focusing objects onto the retina. This disrupts the normal function of the eye and interrupts clear vision. As cataracts worsen, the reduction in vision can start to interfere with daily life. This is a problem that can be easily corrected by cataract surgery.

Symptoms of Cataracts

While cataracts are typically associated with aging, they can also occur due to disease, injury, birth defect or certain medications. Symptoms can include:

  • Cloudy or blurred vision
  • Difficulty seeing objects in the distance
  • Sensitivity to light and glare, or seeing halos around lights
  • Double vision
  • Problems with night vision
  • Vision distortions that cause you to see “ghost” images
  • Colors seem yellowed or dull

Types of Cataracts

You can have a cataract in one or both eyes. The position of your cataract will affect what type of vision disturbance you have.

  • Nuclear cataract: occurs in the center of the lens, often creating temporary near vision improvement
  • Cortical cataract: occurs around the edges of the lens, often resulting in spoke-like opacities that move to the center of the lens
  • Subcapsular cataract: occurs at the back of the lens, often masking symptoms until the later stages

Cataract Treatment in Dallas

While there is no cure for cataracts, cataract surgery is a very common and effective procedure to restore clear vision. It is possible, and sometimes even recommended, that you live with cataracts for years before undergoing surgery if they are not affecting your daily life. At Saland Vision, we perform exams to assess your cataract development and recommend cataract surgery in Dallas when necessary.

Contact us today to schedule an eye exam and learn more about your eye health.